Mithridates II, also known as Mithridates II the Great, was a king of the Parthian Empire, which was located in present-day Iran and Iraq. It existed from 247 BC to 224 AD.
Mithridates II reigned from approximately 124 to 88 BC.
He was a significant figure in Parthian history and is often regarded as one of its most powerful and successful rulers.
During his reign, he expanded the territorial boundaries of the Parthian Empire and conducted successful military campaigns against neighboring kingdoms and territories, including the Seleucid Empire, Armenia, and the Kingdom of Media.
One of the notable achievements of Mithridates II was his successful defense against the Seleucid Empire, which was a successor state to Alexander the Great’s empire.
Mithridates II is also known for his cultural and administrative reforms within the Parthian Empire. He centralized the power of the monarchy, strengthened the military, and implemented economic policies to improve the empire’s financial stability.
Under his rule, the Parthian Empire experienced a period of cultural and intellectual growth. He promoted the study of Greek philosophy and literature, which had a significant influence on Parthian society.
His reign marked a period of relative strength and stability for the Parthian Empire. After his death in 88 BC, Mithridates II was succeeded by his son, Phraates II.
Weight: 15.64 g – Diameter: 29.20 mm
Mint mark: Seleukeia on the Tigris
Diademed bust left., Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on omphalos, holding bow; palm to outer right. From the Pythagoras Collection. BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOV APΣAKOV ΕΠIΦANOVΣ
Weight: 15.93 g
Catalog: Sellwood 24.3; Shore 66; Sunrise 281
Obverse: bearded bust left, dotted border
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΜEΓΑΛΟΥ / ΑΡΣΑ- ΚΟΥ / ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, archer seated right on omphalos, square four line legend, in exergue TV RARE
Weight: 15.91 gram
Catalog: Sellwood 24.4; Shore 67; PA2333
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint, struck 119-109 BC
obv: diademed bust left
rev: Arsakes I seated right on omphalos, holding bow in his right hand; palm branch in outer right field, TV in exergue
Catalog: Shore 67
Weight: 16.00 g – Diameter: 32.00 mm
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint – c. 120/19-109 BC
Obv.: Bearded, diademed and draped bust left, wearing torc and elaborate robes; ; anepigraphic.
Rev.: Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on omphalos, holding bow ; legend square clockwise, ending in exergue: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜEΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑ – ΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ / TY
Note: Mithradates II was the eighth and one of the greatest Parthian kings. He defeated all Seleukid attempts to reclaim territories and made Parthia a formidable, unified empire. He adopted the title Epiphanes, meaning “God Manifest” or “the Glorious/Illustrious”, an ancient Greek epithet borne by several Hellenistic rulers.
Weight: 15.59 g – Diameter: 30 mm
PARTHIAN KINGDOM. NGC Choice XF 4/5 – 3/5. Seleucia on Tigris, ca. 120/19-109 BC. Diademed, draped bust of Mithradates II left, seen from frontΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜEΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣ-ΑΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ, archer in Parthian dress (Arsaces I) seated right on omphalos, holding bow outward; palm frond in right field, TY in exergue. Sellwood 24.4. Shore 67. Sunrise 284. Lovely toning.
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